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German Nobel Prizes and the Development of Chemical Weapons

German Nobel Prizes and the Development of Chemical Weapons

Reading various articles about the development of chemical weapons by the German army, we can see that many German scientists, including 8 of them who have already been awarded or are about to receive a Nobel Prize, have participated in this work. But to what extent have they really been involved? Working on the biographies…

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Phage therapy

Phage therapy

At a time when we are rightly concerned about the evolution of bacteria towards greater resistance to antibiotics, we are seeing the reappearance of a method for fighting pathogenic bacteria, invented by Félix d’Hérelle.  The first tested humans were in 1919: phagotherapy is 100 years old.   Félix d’Hérelle A self-taught French-Canadian microbiologist born in…

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Plague masks: visual emergence of personal anti-epidemic protective equipment

Plague masks: visual emergence of personal anti-epidemic protective equipment

An excellent article entitled “Plague Masks: The Visual Emergence of Anti-Epidemic Personal Protection Equipment” written by Christos Lynteris has just been published in the journal Medical Anthropology (2018). Through the invention of masks to protect the respiratory tract against infectious agents, in this case the plague microbe, the author shows us that these devices can…

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The explosive risk: CBRNe or CBRNE?

The explosive risk: CBRNe or CBRNE?

As already mentioned, the former acronym BCN (Bacteriological, Chemical, Nuclear) has evolved towards the acronym BCRNe (Biological, Chemical, Nuclear, explosive) to better reflect the paradigm shift, state threat vs. terrorist threat the “e” meaning explosive, considered as a vector for the diffusion of a BCRN agent. Given the evolution in the number of operational missions…

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Novichok agents: mini-review of available data

Novichok agents: mini-review of available data

During the Cold War the Western nations and the USSR developed weapons of mass destruction. Although many of these programs are “top secret”, some information is known about the synthesis of chemical agents by the USSR under the FOLIANT and NOVICHOK programs, both developed in response to the English and American development of agent VX….

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Current and future CBRN terrorist threats

Current and future CBRN terrorist threats

  What is this about? In the field of CBRN, it is common to distinguish “Weapons of Mass Destruction” (WMD) as nuclear weapons and “Weapons of Mass Disorganization“. The latter, although responsible for very significant physical and psychological injuries, have devastating social and economic disruption consequences that are not comparable in intensity to those of…

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