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Temik and other carbamates

Temik and other carbamates

The media reports that when his verdict was announced, a convicted person attempted suicide by ingesting a toxic product that he had hidden in his clothes. The Amiens prosecutor states that “The ingested product (…) is a pesticide called Temik”. It is an extremely dangerous product whose commercialization is strictly regulated in France and Europe…

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What are the real threats of bioterrorism?

What are the real threats of bioterrorism?

We have already mentioned that the concept of weapons of mass destruction tends to be replaced by that of weapons of mass disruption (NBC-NRBce). After a new study of the bibliography, it appears that biological weapons are evolving very rapidly with new technologies and in particular those allowing genome manipulation: these new data are shaking…

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One bag may hide another: the evacuation bag, the CBRN patient transport stretcher, the CBRN body bag.

One bag may hide another: the evacuation bag, the CBRN patient transport stretcher, the CBRN body bag.

When a CBRN event occurs and there are casualties, the problem of transporting victims arises. At the same time as first aid must be administered, care must take into account the fact that these victims can contaminate their surroundings and cause cross-contamination, the dramatic consequences of which could be measured during the sarin gas attack…

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Engineering the gut microbiome to optimize warfighter performance

Engineering the gut microbiome to optimize warfighter performance

A recent article shows us that American researchers are interested in the intestinal microbiome of war fighters in order to improve their performance on missions. Microbiomes et microbiota The microbiome is the place where a complex set of microorganisms called microbiota develops. In humans, microbiomes from the nose/mouth/throat, skin, lungs, digestive system and vagina are…

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Evacuation and transport of a chemically contaminated victim in a surgical emergency

Evacuation and transport of a chemically contaminated victim in a surgical emergency

What is the problem?   How to evacuate a victim contaminated by a chemical in an absolute emergency? This question can be asked either in a military context when a group of combatants is under fire from conventional weapons and chemical agents (chemical warfare agents or ICTs), or in a civilian context in the case…

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Protecting farmers

Protecting farmers

Farmers are subject to particular health risks, the main ones being accidental risks (machines…), physical constraints (noise, vibrations…), plant protection products, respiratory problems, biological agents and psychosocial risks (suicide). The handling of chemicals by farmers is undoubtedly an important activity of their profession and we will be particularly interested in personal protective equipment to protect…

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Lead poisoning

Lead poisoning

The lead of Notre-Dame The fire of Notre-Dame de Paris on April 15, 2019 not only almost destroyed forever one of the most beautiful jewels of medieval Gothic art, but its consequences raise an important environmental problem: lead poisoning. The spire inaugurated in 1859 by Eugène Viollet-le-Duc was built of oak wood and contained 250…

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How to protect yourself in the case of chemical events of terrorist or accidental origin?

How to protect yourself in the case of chemical events of terrorist or accidental origin?

The main risks We have often talked on this blog about chemical events that have occurred accidentally or as a result of a terrorist attack Among these events, the sarin gas attack in the Tokyo metro is one of the most studied. The attack was carried out on 20 March 1995 and was initiated by…

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German Nobel Prizes and the Development of Chemical Weapons

German Nobel Prizes and the Development of Chemical Weapons

Reading various articles about the development of chemical weapons by the German army, we can see that many German scientists, including 8 of them who have already been awarded or are about to receive a Nobel Prize, have participated in this work. But to what extent have they really been involved? Working on the biographies…

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The chemical burns

The chemical burns

The security police, who are responsible for maintaining security during the demonstrations that are taking place in our country, may have been targeted by jets of corrosive products such as strong acids.  This is an opportunity for us to review chemical burns: how do the products work, what are the emergency treatments? A glimpse of…

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New decontamination protocols in response to a CBRN attack

New decontamination protocols in response to a CBRN attack

An article in Nature on February 26, 2019 reports that the United States has just adopted a new response protocol in response to an attack or following a chemical industrial accident, which is important for at least two reasons: The new protocol, including dry decontamination, will significantly improve the care provided to victims; It is…

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The Decpol® mitt has been tested in the laboratory on real chemicals

The Decpol® mitt has been tested in the laboratory on real chemicals

What is this about? In the case of contamination by chemical warfare agents, acidic projections or industrial chemicals, it is imperative to have a decontamination process in place to quickly remove dangerous agents from the surface on which they have been dispersed. Immediate decontamination (military concept) or emergency decontamination (medical concept) is generally carried out…

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The 2020 Olympic Games in Japan and bioterrorism

The 2020 Olympic Games in Japan and bioterrorism

In a mini-review published in “ADC Letters for infectious disease control”, Eto A. and Kanatani Y. explain how Japan is preparing for a possible bioterrorist attack. The strategy to make Japan “the safest country in the world” is based on a “Sakigake” pilot project to promote the development of innovative drugs and other medical devices….

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Phage therapy

Phage therapy

At a time when we are rightly concerned about the evolution of bacteria towards greater resistance to antibiotics, we are seeing the reappearance of a method for fighting pathogenic bacteria, invented by Félix d’Hérelle.  The first tested humans were in 1919: phagotherapy is 100 years old.   Félix d’Hérelle A self-taught French-Canadian microbiologist born in…

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Pediatric decontamination

Pediatric decontamination

The French Society of Disaster Medicine has just organized a session “Children and Disasters” in order to better understand the problems raised by children who are victims of a disaster. This gave us the opportunity to review the literature on pediatric decontamination that we propose to you here.   Special vulnerabilities of children Smaller in…

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Plague masks: visual emergence of personal anti-epidemic protective equipment

Plague masks: visual emergence of personal anti-epidemic protective equipment

An excellent article entitled “Plague Masks: The Visual Emergence of Anti-Epidemic Personal Protection Equipment” written by Christos Lynteris has just been published in the journal Medical Anthropology (2018). Through the invention of masks to protect the respiratory tract against infectious agents, in this case the plague microbe, the author shows us that these devices can…

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The explosive risk: CBRNe or CBRNE?

The explosive risk: CBRNe or CBRNE?

As already mentioned, the former acronym BCN (Bacteriological, Chemical, Nuclear) has evolved towards the acronym BCRNe (Biological, Chemical, Nuclear, explosive) to better reflect the paradigm shift, state threat vs. terrorist threat the “e” meaning explosive, considered as a vector for the diffusion of a BCRN agent. Given the evolution in the number of operational missions…

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